Building Resilience: A Guide to Facilitating Community-Managed Disaster Risk Reduction in the Horn of Africa
This manual describes how to help communities implement disaster risk reduction activities. It was written for development workers and community-based organizations in the Horn of Africa, but practitioners can use it to implement activities around the world.
Download the PDF (7.9 MB)
You might also be interested in The Road to Resilience, six case studies from the Horn of Africa.
In recent years, the direction of global development has shifted from poverty reduction to disaster risk reduction. By viewing sustainable development through a lens of disaster risk reduction, communities worldwide can adopt a more proactive approach that supports long-term development planning as well as emergency interventions when needed.
This shift in focus is particularly relevant in the greater Horn of Africa. In this region, climate change and a growing number of natural and man-made disasters have led to an extensive loss of lives, livelihoods and property. Compounding problems, a majority of communities in the Horn of Africa lack sufficient coping mechanisms, making them highly vulnerable to hazards.
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a development approach that moves communities from reactive response to proactive action by helping residents to undertake preventive measures to better weather disasters. To support the adoption of DRR at the community level, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) trained field practioners from Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda to be facilitators of Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CM-DRR). This field work served as the basis for developing this guide.
This manual instructs development workers on how to implement CM-DRR activities in their communities. The guide equips you to be a CM-DRR field practitioner by providing you with the basic facilitation skills needed to help communities reduce disaster risk through a participatory and people-centered process.
As part of the facilitation process, you will work with community members to apply the four CM-DRR minimum requirements:
- Complete a disaster risk analysis
- Implement disaster risk reduction measures
- Set up a functional community organization
- Institutionalize a Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (PME&L) process
This manual is customized for use in the Horn of Africa, but development practitioners can use it to implement CM-DRR activities globally. By undertaking disaster risk reduction activities, communities can significantly reduce their vulnerability to disasters and better achieve sustainable development.
|Module 1: Basics of Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CM-DRR)||3|
|1.1 Hyogo Framework||4|
|1.2 Disaster Risk Reduction||4|
|1.3 CM-DRR Principles||6|
|1.4 "Four Minimums" of CM-DRR||7|
|1.5 Impact of Climate Change
|Module 2: Facilitating CM-DRR at the Community Level||9|
|2.1 Selecting Target Communities||9|
|2.2 Community Entry and Immersion||10|
|2.3 Selecting CM-DRR Community Representatives||12|
|2.4 Building Rapport
|Module 3: Participatory Disaster Risk Assessment and Analysis (PDRA&A)||16|
|3.1 Encouraging Community Participation||16|
|3.2 Hazard Assessment||18|
|3.3 Vulnerability Assessment||24|
|3.4 Capacity Assessment||28|
|3.5 Disaster Risk Analysis
|Module 4: Disaster Risk Reduction Measures||35|
|4.1 Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy||35|
|4.2 Disaster Risk Reduction Planning Process
|Module 5: Strengthening Community Organization
|Module 6: Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (PME&L)||44|
|6.1 Conventional M&E vs. Participatory M&E||44|
|6.2 PME&L Methodology
Authors: R. Delve, G. Guyo, H. Hulufo, S. Lembara
Publisher: Catholic Relief Services (May 2013)
Manual: 55 pages
Dimensions: 6.93 x 9.84 inches
Posted on May 13, 2013